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Avila Spain History





Avila Spain History ... magical land with that glorious mix of warriors and saints.

Churches, palaces, buildings reflect wide cultural influences - Celtic, Roman, Arabic, Christian.

So many marvels does it hold that UNESCO declared it a World Heritage City.

This, coupled with easy traveling distance from Madrid, makes it a magnet for the multitudes. A spiritual and historical "must-see".


Avila Spain History - Warriors

The splendid medieval wall surrounding vila is its symbolic emblem, reflecting the warring center it once was.

Started by Raimundo de Borgo a - son-in-law of King Alfonso VI - during the 11th century, it was not completed until late 12th century.

2,500 meters long ... averaging 12 meters in height ... interspersed by fortified towers and gateways.

And the most imposing gateways? Puerta de San Vicente and Puerta de Alc zar - both on the east side.

The east side is the oldest ... with the south the last to be built.


Avila Spain History - Saints

Contrasting with its warring history is the deeply spiritual side of the city.

The atmosphere in the cathedral and influence of its two Roman Catholic mystics - Santa Teresa de Jes s and San Juan de la Cruz - will transport you to another world.

Santa Teresa de Jes s de vila (1542-1591) - otherwise known as Saint Theresa of Avila - came from a deeply pious family of Jewish converts.

Always fascinated by the lives of saints, she entered the convent of the Incarnation of the Carmelite Order and, with the help of San Juan de la Cruz, did much to reform the Order and open new houses.

Her writings stand out as the most remarkable mystical literature of the Roman Catholic Church.


Sightseeing

Other highlights of the city include:

- vila s Gothic Cathedral
- Basilica de San Vicente
- Convento de Santa Teresa
- Convento de San Jos
- Monasterio de Santo Tom s
- Palacio de los Deanes
- Palacio de los D vila


Fast Facts

- capital of province of vila
- situated in region of Castilla y Le n
- 53 miles north-west of Madrid
- longest city walls in Spain
- highest city in Spain
- 1630 m above sea level
- close to River Adaja
- population just over 50,000

Full day tour from Madrid to vila/Segovia.

Half-day excursion of vila.



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